You may have the perfect landscaped garden and an ideally-styled exterior in your dream house, but what about the design of your home? Interior design can be a little tricky. More than deciding on the design style, furniture, and decor, there is also the big challenge of matching colors. Here are some fundamental color rules that will help you in making the right choices.
The Golden Ratio of Interior Design
The first rule that you can abide by has something to do with following a sort of golden ratio when it comes to color and interior design – it is called the 60-30-10 rule. It will be easy to harmonize the colors in any room if you follow this rule. The 60-30-10 rule requires you to choose three colors. The first color would be the primary color in the room as it comprises of 60% of the color that you will use on the walls, furniture, and decor. Typically, neutral shades like white, grey, or beige are chosen for this base color. The secondary color comprises 30% of the room, can be brighter or bolder colors like black, pink, or yellow. The third color, the smallest portion takes up 10% and will serve as an accent. For example, a modern-style bedroom can make use of white as its base color. The secondary color can be pink, which can be seen in the bed’s sheets and pillows and some of the accessories such as the wall décor and the lamps. Gold, metal side tables or alarm clocks can be the accent color.
Warm or Cool: The Energy of the Room
When it comes to warm and cool colors, it refers to the shades that the colors belong to within the color wheel. Warm colors can be described as the bolder and more vibrant colors such as red, yellow, orange, brown, and other. The other side of the color wheel are the cool colors which can be described as more reserved and calming colors such as green, blue, purple, and colors derived from them. Knowing warm and cool colors can help with your interior design skills as it can help you dictate the kind of mood, energy, or atmosphere you want for a room. A living room, as a social space, can have more shades of red and orange to make it a more lively while the bedroom, being a private or more personal space, can be set in shades of blue or purple for a more relaxing atmosphere.
Deciding on the Color Scheme
Mixing and matching various colors require a decision on a color scheme. The first color scheme that you can use is an analogous color scheme. This means that the colors you want to use are close together in the color wheel like putting together the warm group such as reds, yellows, and oranges.
Another color scheme that you can use is called the complementary color scheme where you would use two colors in the color wheel that are directly opposite each other. Examples include using blue and orange or purple and yellow in your interior. If you want the simplest color scheme approach, there is also the monochromatic color scheme where only one color is used. Common choices include white, beige, and grey.